Blog: News & Updates

Smelly Garden Shoes

Now that your pruning is done and composting dug in, relax and enjoy the explosive colours of spring. Except you’ll want to complete one final task before breathing in those floral aromas. You’ve been ankle-deep in mulch all winter long and those sweat glands in your feet might draw unwanted attention to your favourite pair of gardening shoes.

Sannitree Shoe Pong is here to help. Sit back, loosen your laces and spray generously upon the sole. Leave them in a shady place and within a matter of hours the friendly odour-eating bacteria and enzymes will chomp their way through the stink like they’re dining on French cheese. Your shoes will soon smell sweeter than your favourite rose.

If anybody has any queries about Shoe Pong or needs more advice on removing odours from shoes, call Mike Mayne on 021 701 1266 / 083 454 1159 or email

You can also find more information here.

TurfPong and Artificial Grass

As winter nears its end, and lockdown, we hope, is about to be lifted, it would seem from many phone calls we received during the last few months that artificial grass was very much the choice of dogs to urinate upon. The pungent smell we get especially once warmed by the sun emanates from the high ammonia level in the dog urine. This ammonia sometimes gets trapped and crystalises at the base of the plastic leaves and as the temperature rises as summer approaches, the smell will increase.

Unlike natural grass artificial grass cannot photosynthesize. The photosynthesis is the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize nutrients from carbon monoxide and water. The plants generally use the green pigment chlorophyll and generate oxygen as a by-product. It is a complex process by which carbon dioxide, water and certain organic salts are converted into carbohydrates by green plants. The process takes place exclusively in the chloroplasts through photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll. It converts solar energy into chemical energy which it stores for future use.

Ammonia is the foul pungent smell as soon as it starts breaking down and gets worse as the sun begins to heat it up. Turf Pong is a formulation of bacteria and specific enzymes designed to rapidly digest the ammonia the product also contains a sulphur retardant to help reduce the smell during decomposition in addition we use a world-patented perfume which attacks foul odours while airborne. Ammonia IF BREATHED IN can irritate the respiratory tract and is believed to be unhealthy if measured above 5ppm. During extensive product tests, we measured some backyards as high as 17ppm.

Our recommendation for people with dogs and artificial grass is to treat your grass now before summer really sets in. Starke Ayres have Turf Pong in both 1 liter and 5 liter containers. As a special we are giving away our excellent hand sanitizer with each 5 liter can. Sannitree hand sanitizer is 80% alcohol and 20% Aloe Forex gel to protect your skin.

If anybody has any queries about TurgPong or needs more advice on the subject of removing pet urine from artificial lawn or turf, call Mike Mayne on 021 701 1266 / 083 454 1159 or email

You can also find more information here.

Sannitree is a Diversified International Company

SANNITREE INTERNATIONAL is a diversified international company offering its customers a wide variety of microbial-based products specifically related to waste treatment. It is a research-based company and aims to be the market leader in its chosen field.

Read more about Sannitree’s Poducts or contact us on +27 21 701 1266 for more information.

Sannitree Has Used The Services of The Training Workshops Unlimited For 30 Years

In acknowledgement of your generous support and for promoting skills and job development for persons with mental disability.

From left: Jennifer Hirst, Tony Pegg, Louise Norman, and Liam Rowe.

Certificate of Appreciation 2018 – Awarded to Sannitree International.

Sannitree has used the services of the Training Workshops Unlimited for 30 years.

The packaging for our products has been done by persons with a mental disability under the supervision of the Cape Mental Health. Sannitree was awarded a Certificate of Appreciation in recognition of our support.

Read more about Sannitree’s Poducts or contact us on +27 21 701 1266 for more information.

UK company wins award for sustainable environmental innovation with Sannitree’s Waterless Urinal Valve

Envirowater wins recognition in Cummins innovation scheme

From left: Jennifer Hirst, Tony Pegg, Louise Norman, and Liam Rowe.

From left: Jennifer Hirst, Tony Pegg, Louise Norman, and Liam Rowe.

Halifax-based innovator Envirowater has been named as a winner in the Cummins Environmental Gateway corporate acceleration programme for their submission of their Free Flow Waterless Urinal Valve product which is designed and manufactured by Sannitree International in South Africa.

Envirowater submitted its idea after Cummins, the largest independent maker of diesel engines and related products in the world, called on innovators of all sizes of all sizes to come forward with market-ready, sustainable innovations to help Cummins achieve their Environmental targets in the UK.

Launched in September 2016, the Cummins Environmental Gateway attracted more than 100 submissions in just 40 days. The ideas came from innovators, small businesses (SMEs) as well as corporates around Britain and the world.

Envirowater is the business behind the Free Flow Valve. They offer water free solutions for businesses wishing to drastically reduce water consumption and save money by converting standard urinals to water free. It’s completely chemical free, easy-to-clean, simple to fit with no on-going maintenance. There’s no smell, bacteria or blockages.

Envirowater’s MD Tony Pegg said: “We’re thrilled to have been recognised among a number of other successful innovators for our product, the Free Flow Valve, which is like no other in the market. We can convert bathrooms to become water free quickly and easily. Even if you are already saving water, our solution allows you to switch to 100% water free. It is chemical free and reduces bad odours and blockages.”

It is a worthy innovation not just due to environmental factors and cost savings. It also revolutionises the men’s bathroom experience. It is making such a difference to the environment and helping to save water one urinal at a time.”

Denis Ford, International Sourcing Leader EMEA, NE/SE Asia & S. Pacific at Cummins said: “We would like to congratulate Envirowater for making the Cummins Environmental Gateway Successful Innovators List 2017. We have been very impressed with the quality of Envirowater’s innovation, and even more with the potential for environmental impact and savings. Together we can do more for innovation and environment”.

The Cummins Environmental Gateway, a first of its kind for Cummins globally, was launched in September 2016, in partnership with Marcela Navarro, CEO of Business Cubed (formerly responsible for the successful design and deployment of the RBS Innovation Gateway).

Unlike other corporate innovation programmes, the Cummins Environmental Gateway focuses on the adoption of sustainable innovations rather than on the ideation process, providing innovators with real opportunities to test their innovation in real life environment, accelerating their access to market and their opportunity to scale up.

Marcela Navarro, CEO Business Cubed, said: “With so many high impact solutions failing to reach the market due to perceptions of high risk and costs, genuine industry-level sustainable innovations are not able to scale up. The quality and the range of ideas selected as successful innovations, like Envirowater has been phenomenal.

“With the successful innovators selected, we can now say that the Environmental Gateway is real. The next step is about demonstration, with massive environmental and savings potential for Cummins and exciting scale up opportunities for innovators.”

Read more about Sannitree’s FreeFlowing Waterless Urinal Valve or contact us on +27 21 701 1266 for more information.

Don’t let your smelly grey water give you the blues!

With the growing need to make water savings a way of life, Mike Mayne receives numerous calls from people who are taking the next big step to conserve this most precious natural resource.

“They are not only using as little water as possible, but they are using the same water twice by storing their grey water in tanks and using it to maintain their gardens,” explains the founder of waste and odour treatment specialists Sannitree, which markets environmentally friendly, biodegradable bio-enzyme products in South Africa and exports to 30 countries.

“Our country and many other parts of the world are going to get hotter and drier, and water shortages are here to stay,” he says. “Water conservation just has to become a way of life.”

The problem in storing grey water – mainly from kitchens, washing machines and baths and showers – is strong, sulphurous odours that develop in catchment tanks.

“Greywater contains organic material ranging from fats to human sweat,” explains Mayne. “Normally, the grey water is released from tanks by a submersible pump and this leaves a residue under the pump. The organic material in this residue begins to decompose, resulting in a sulphurous malodour. The odour can also permeate the garden when the grey water is sprayed on it.”

Finding environmentally friendly solutions to problems like this is something of a way of life for Sannitree. A recent example is the development of Turf Pong in response to calls from people desperate to remove the pungent odour of pets’ urine on artificial grass which is increasingly being used to maintain a neat green cover over gardens and other spaces parched by drought and severe water restrictions.

The Tank Pong solution

Responding to increasing use of grey water, Sannitree has now developed Tank Pong.

Tank Pong consists of enzymes that break down organic material, and long-acting, odour-eating bacteria that continue to replicate until the food supply from the materials is finally exhausted. “The smell and its source are eliminated completely,” says Mayne. The amount of Tank Pong that will be required depends on the capacity of the catchment tank and the volume of effluent flowing through the unit. Sannitree recommends that 100 ml is poured into a tank per 100 litres. The dosage can be increased or decreased until the odour disappears. Tank Pong available only from retailers

Tank Pong is now being introduced to retailers country-wide, and the export market is also beckoning.

Tank Pong is backed by Sannitree’s country-wide representatives who are ready to assist retailers to develop a thorough understanding of the product and its application and to give their customers the best advice.

To find out more about Tank Pong, call us now on 021 701 1266 or email

You can also find more information here.

Sannitree Banishes Pet Urine Odours from Artificial Grass

When Mike Mayne received a call from a man desperate to find a way to remove pungent dog urine odours from the artificial grass in his garden, he decided to take up the challenge.

As founder of Sannitree, a major supplier of environmentally friendly, biodegradable bio-enzyme products which it markets in South Africa and exports to 30 countries, Mayne certainly knew a lot about treating waste and odours but he knew next to nothing about artificial grass. Diving into Google, he quickly learned that artificial grass is extensively used worldwide. He concluded that its popularity in South Africa was likely to grow particularly as a way to maintain a neat green cover over gardens and other spaces parched by drought and severe water restrictions. “Our country and many other parts of the world are going to get hotter and drier, and water shortages are here to stay,” he says. “Water conservation just has to become a way of life.”

He also learned that his desperate caller was not alone in his anguish over dog urine odours on artificial grass. This is a common complaint the world over, research on Google revealed.

So, Mayne and his team got down to some serious work in Sannitree’s Cape Town head office. They enlisted a specialist researcher who produced a voluminous study containing just about everything on artificial grass. They learned that dog urine does not leave pungent odours in natural lawn because the roots of grass absorb urine together with other moisture, and process this through photosynthesis. Artificial grass isn’t that clever. The best advice available to consumers at the time was to hose down the artificial grass with water, but this turned out to be the worst solution. “The pungent smell of stale urine is caused by ammonia evolving from the gradual decomposition of urea when mixed with water,” explains Mayne. “If the water has any hardeners present it forms limestone encrustations which can block drainage holes in the grass backing. Washing down the grass with water will only aggravate the problem.”

Using disinfectants, chemicals or cleaning fluid won’t help either, adds Mayne. “They will only mask the odour, which will return as soon as the weather becomes humid. “

Another challenge was the difficulty in detecting the spot or spots where a dog has urinated on the artificial grass. This meant that whatever product was developed to eliminate odours would need to be applied to the entire area under artificial grass, making the solution expensive for consumers.

The Turf Pong solution

To meet these challenges, Sannitree came up with the most innovative solutions. Using one of its existing bio-enzyme formulations, Sannitree developed Turf Pong, a powerful combination of ammonia-eliminating enzymes and odour-eating bacteria.

“The enzymes break down ammonia and ammonia crystals,” explains Mayne. “Long-acting, odour-eating bacteria continue to replicate until the food supply from the ammonia is finally exhausted. The smell and its source are eliminated completely.”

Some lateral “boer-maak-‘n-plan”-type thinking then obviated the need to detect where urine has been deposited. The solution was to select a single spot where the dog is encouraged to urinate. Plant in the spot a small post against which the dog can lift its leg, and spray around the post a pheromone attractive to dogs and which acts as a behavior-altering agent. Spray Turf Pong once a week or so in the dedicated area.

Turf Pong also goes a long way. The one litre bottle of Turf Pong with its trigger spray remains effective for two years from date of opening.

While the pooch becomes accustomed to using the dedicated spot, spray Sannitree Pet Repellant on the rest of the artificial grass as a temporary measure to discourage the pet from urinating beyond the designated area.

“The result,” says Mayne, “is clean grass, a happy homeowner and a pooch who’s not in the dog box.”

Turf Pong available only from retailers

Turf Pong is now being introduced to retailers country-wide, and the export market is also beckoning.

Mayne says Sannitree has taken a fundamental decision to not market Turf Pong on-line, giving hardware stores, nurseries, pet shops and general dealers exclusive access to consumers.

Turf Pong is backed by Sannitree’s country-wide representatives who are ready to assist retailers to develop a thorough understanding of the product and its application, and to give their customers the best advice.

To find out more about Turf Pong Artificial Grass Pet Urine Remover, call us now on 021 701 1266 or email

Yorkshire innovator Envirowater, finalist in Cummins global search for sustainable innovations

Press release

A Yorkshire-based innovator has been listed as a finalist in a global search as part of a business’s project to improve sustainability.

Halifax-based Envirowater have been successful in the project by Cummins known as the Environmental Gateway.

Envirowater submitted their ingenious idea after Cummins, the largest independent maker of diesel engines and related products in the world, called on innovators of all sizes to come forward with sustainable innovations to help Cummins achieve their Environmental targets in the UK.

The Cummins Environmental Gateway, launched in partnership with Marcela Navarro, CEO of Business Cubed (formerly responsible for the successful launch and deployment of the RBS Innovation Gateway), is looking for green and innovative suppliers to positively impact Cummins 2020 Environmental targets whilst promoting supplier inclusion.

The project team, led by Denis Ford, Corporate Indirect Purchasing Leader EMEA, NE/SE Asia & South Pacific at Cummins, is delighted with the quality of the finalists.

Denis comments:

“We have been very impressed with the quality of the innovations received and even more with the potential for environmental impact and savings. Envirowater should be very proud to be a finalist in the Cummins Environmental Gateway”.

Envirowater is the business behind the Free Flow Valve. They offer water free solutions for businesses wishing to drastically reduce water consumption and save money by converting standard urinals to water free. It’s completely chemical free, easy-to-clean, simple to fit with no on-going maintenance. There’s no smell, bacteria or blockages.

Tony Pegg, MD at Envirowater explains:

“Our Free Flow Valve is like no other in the market. We can convert bathrooms to become water free quickly and easily. Even if you are already saving water, our solution allows you to switch to 100% water free. It is chemical free and reduces bad odours and blockages. It is a worthy innovation not just due to environmental factors and cost savings. It also revolutionises the men’s bathroom experience.”

Tony continued:

“We are delighted to be finalists in the Cummins Environmental Gateway. It is great to be recognised by a prestigious engineering firm like Cummins for our innovative product. It is making such a difference to the environment and helping to save water one urinal at a time.”

Envirowater was one of more than 100 companies from across the globe that submitted an innovation to the Cummins Environmental Gateway when Cummins UK launched the programme back in August 2016.

Envirowater’s idea will be presented on March 2, to a high calibre panel from Cummins who will decide which innovations will have the opportunity to be implemented, and if successful, scaled up, on Cummins sites in the UK.

Tony Pegg, MD at Envirowater notes:

“Projects like the Cummins Environmental Gateway provide a great opportunity for innovations to gain recognition and credibility on a national and international scale, accelerating our opportunities to access markets and scale.

“This project with Cummins would help Envirowater to further test, analyse and measure the environmental impact that the Free Flow Valve will have on water saving across the UK and beyond.”

Finalists like Envirowater, if successful, will have the opportunity to test their innovations in Cummins sites in the UK.


Issued on behalf of Envirowater by Ellie MacDonald of MacComms. For more information contact 07989159138 /

Giving Waste the Right Treatment – the secret is in bacteria and enzymes

Farmers and other rural communities rely on products made from blends of bacteria and enzymes to treat their organic waste and waste water, but how effective are the products they buy? The answer is to look no further than the labels on the products.

Labels should supply vital information on what is known as the Colony-Forming Unit (CFU) count. The CFU indicates the number of viable bacteria (the total microbial activity) in a sample of a product. “Viable” refers to the ability of bacterial cells in the product to multiply. The more viable the cells, the stronger and more effective the product.

The CFU count is determined by laboratory tests undertaken by the South African National Accreditation System (SANAS). However, many products are not subjected to testing by SANAS and do not carry CFU information. Without knowing the CFU count, the buyer therefore has no way to determine the strength and effectiveness of a product.

Just as important as the CFU count is the methodology used to determine it. If the label contains the letters and figures SWJM:35, then you will know that the test has been undertaken according to the international best-practice standard. “We cannot emphasise too strongly the importance of knowing the CFU count and method used to determine it,” says Mike Mayne, founder of Cape Town-based Sannitree, a major supplier of environmentally friendly, biodegradable bio-enzyme products which it markets in South Africa and exports to 30 other countries.

Mayne notes that labels on Sannitree products contain information on the CFU count and the testing methodology. Products also comply with International Standards Organisation (ISO) specifications.

Not all enzymes are equal

Just as important, he says, are the types of enzymes in products. Enzymes break down the smaller solids in waste to enable bacteria to further digest the material.

However, enzymes are specific: in other words, an enzyme that breaks down fat will not break down protein. There is simply no way that one single product will work in pit toilets, septic tanks, drain lines, fat traps, sewage spills or on grease, foul odours and flies. There are also different categories of bacteria. Aerobic bacteria survive and grow in oxygenated environments, but anaerobic bacteria do not require oxygen to survive. Some anaerobes might even die in the presence of oxygen.

Tailor-made bio enzymes

Many products on the South African market are imported. They are usually generalised products, most likely using 75% aerobic bacteria and 25 % anaerobic, with no SANAS laboratory CFU count and a standard selection of enzymes. Travelling time and a long shelf life can have a negatiive effect on imported products.

What gives Sannitree the edge is that its products are tailor-made. The company formulates products to meet specific needs. From the time of its founding in Cape Town 30 years ago, Sannitree had the benefit of the expertise of world renowned enzymologist Dr PG Celliers. Most of his formulations are blended by Sannitree for its specialised products. Consider this: a busy restaurant will produce far more fat than a pit toilet, so Sannitree can tailor-make a product loaded with Lipase enzymes, which will perform far better than a general product. Likewise, an overloaded pit toilet has no chance with a general product because the CFU could be too low, but Sannitree can easily adjust the count.

Bacteria and enzymes are expensive items, and it stands to reason that if the CFU count is higher in one product than in that of a competitor, it will be more expensive. The best advice is to identify your specific need and order or buy a product with a SANAS-certified CFU count to ensure that it does the job.

What a Testimonial! Read what the Arizona State University has to say about our revolutionary no-smell waterless urinal valves!

From: Mccaw, Kory G
Sent: 09 July 2015 10:20 PM
To: Brian Goodman
Subject: Re: Waterless Urinal Valves

Hey Brian,

Greetings from a hot wet and humid desert town!

We have the valves installed in both of our staff and faculty restrooms. They are the only ones being used over the summer months. We plan to do the student facility in August before they return for the new school year. Anyway…

They are PERFECT! No more smell!! I never got used to that blue seal chemical odor that comes with the Waterless brand urinals. Always the chemical or chemical and urine smell. Now there’s just NO smell with the Free-flowing Waterless Urinal Valve. They are wonderful and we couldn’t be happier! We’ll be in touch for more product soon.

Thank you.


From: Brian Goodman <>
Sent: Monday, July 6, 2015 1:28 AM
To: Mccaw, Kory G – (mckory)
Subject: Waterless Urinal Valves

Good Morning Kory

Greetings from a wet cold cape Town

I trust you are fit and well. You have had our free-flowing waterless urinal valves for slightly over 3 months and I thought I would  check to find out your level of satisfaction?

My best regards to you and Delia

Water and Sanitation in the News

South Africa probing socially acceptable low- and no-water sanitation alternatives.

WAM Technology Bulletin 44, Volume 2 09 July 2015

WAMTechnology are specialists in implementing technology systems for improved governance, focussing on Water and Public Health Information Systems.

Visit our websites:

Water Shortages – An opportunity for entrepreneurs

The vital part of this article is the 40% shortfall of potable water in 15 years time. Mike Mayne of Sanitree remains confident that there WILL BE water millionaires in the near future for those with foresight and have some entrepreneurship ability. “Those who see it now will make it, while those that don’t will be too late” says Mike, referring to this article featured in The Water Wheel in April 2015.

You can read the article here.

Remember opportunities are like milestones you pass them without seeing them !

Eliminate restaurant flies the harmless way

We introduce ‘The Silent Assassinator’ BUZZ US!

Restaurant flies cost you money. They cause negative impressions among patrons and affect subliminal perceptions of hygiene standards, often resulting in a vague unease that prevents guests from returning.

Speaking of perceptions, electronic fly zappers that explode flies in front of diners only add to the gross factor.

What is needed is a silent, unobtrusive assassin that eliminates pesky restaurnat flies in a way that makes it seem there was never a fly problem to begin with.

Sannitree have built up fantastic repeat sales through the success of a fly larvacide supplied by Buzz Us! This revolutionary fly treatment lavacide solution is painted onto window and door frames, where it attracts flies before they enter your premises. Flies will die within seconds and can be swept up daily. Over a period of days the fly population will be dramatically reduced.

This easy to use product is now available in a kit form for an economical DIY application, or as a contract service application. Read more about BUZZ US! here

Buzz Us! are the Authorized Agents and Distributors of Sannitree International and the product is aimed at:

  1. 1. Food applications: restaurants, butcheries, fish shops and supermarkets.
  2. 2. Chicken, horse stables and pig farms.
  3. 3. Rubbish tips, sewage plants and solid waste depots.

So successful has the product been that Sannitree have added it to their range of Bio-Enzyme products for septic tanks and pit toilets. In this way effluent waste is broken down without the traditional fly problem.

To find out more about Buzz Us! Fly Treatment, call us now on 021 701 1266 or email

Restaurant grease is as bad as cholestrol for your fat traps and grease traps!

Own a restaurant? Chances are you’ve experienced clogged fat traps, grease traps and drains. Of course this usually happens around 8pm when your tables are full and the kitchen is under maximum pressure. Adding insult to injury, the plumber charges you over-time rates. It’s almost as if you need medical insurance for your plumbing system.

Blocked Fat Trap Before Fat Cracker
Actually, there is a type of insurance available to keep those fat traps free-flowing, and it’s a lot cheaper than medical aid! More and more restaurant owners are opting to prevent expensive blockages by treating their fat traps and drains with Sannitree Fatcracker (available in sachet or liquid form) and Sannitree Free Flo Tablets. This simple treatment works like a heart pill: toss some down the drain and let the enzymes work their magic. Instead of allowing fat, oil and grease to build up in the pipes, it literally eats them away!

Clean Fat Trap After Fat Cracker
This is the key to your whole system working properly, because drains left un-treated will allow grease to coagulate inside pipes in much the same way saturated fats do inside your own artery system. Grease causes additional problems. If you’ve ever pumped your fat trap, you know what I am talking about: lift that manhole and smell the rancid decomposition taking place in the bowels of the tank. We’re talking about a major health risk here. It’s more common than you realise, but it’s easier to prevent than you think.

With a proper maintenance system including regular dosages of Sannitree Fatcracker or Sannitree FreeFlo Tablets, you can shock the heart of your kitchen back to life, meaning you can avoid the expense of a plumber. And what this really means is that you can to return to the most important place in your restaurant: out front with your customers.

For detailed information on this product, call us now on 021 701 1266, or email

Odour Digestor proves itself as a popular cleaning solution for Forensic Teams



Odour Digestor has found a new niche market: cleaning up after a crime or accident scene. It takes expert knowledge and reliable products to restore an affected home to what it was before the tragedy.

Petro van der Westhuizen of is one such specialist who swears by the effectiveness of Sannitree Odour Digestor. She traditionally used chemical based products for her clean-ups but grew concerned when bad odours kept returning, upsetting the traumatised occupants of the affected home. She desperately needed a product that could literally digest blood, bodily fluids and human tissue without damaging carpets and fittings.

As an example, she tells us about a recent incident involving an elderly couple who tragically died within one week of each other. Their bodies were only discovered a week after the event, and Petro was called to assist a week later, meaning the gentleman’s body had been decomposing for three weeks. “Both had medical issues,” says Petro. “As far as the Police could establish, the husband must have fallen in the bathroom whilst shaving, hit his head and died. Sadly, the wife could not do anything to help and the post mortem revealed she died a week after the husband.” Said Petro, “The house was full of chemicals and fingerprint powder used by the police, but the worst part was the bodily fluids in the bathroom ran down the passage and into the room next door. I used about 25 litres of Odour Digestor in the house and the results were dramatic.” She continues: “I also used a litre of Fat-Cracker as there were lots of fatty bodily fluids. Both your products once again came out tops!!!”

“The best part is that you can now walk into that house without even knowing that such a tragedy took place. The son of the couple was extremely traumatized and didn’t even want to come close to the house during the three days we spent there. Yesterday he was able to walk through the house. Thanks again for a wonderful products.”

Regards, Petro van der Westhuizen, owner,

My cat just peed on my curtains!

Cat Pee 2

Here’s how to remove a urine smell for good!

It happens: dogs, cats (even humans) sometimes pee where they shouldn’t. This often occurs during winter when your animal is reluctant to go outdoors. After all, why suffer the cold and rain when you can back-up and spray inside a nice warm lounge?

Sannitree Odour Digestor has been around for years and it is the go-to product for stubborn animal and urine smell (s) (in fact any organic smell: spilt milk, vomit, smelly shoes . . . rotten fish, you name it)

The old-fashioned approach to removing bad odours caused by urine etc. is to drown them in chemicals and deodoriser. Unfortunately this method does not work and the smell always returns. The reason for this is that the chemicals kill the very microbial bacteria which will eliminate the problem if only you would let them.

Quite simply, the odour (say sour milk) is caused by bacteria feasting on the milk solids. As the bacteria eat they release a gas. This gas is in fact the bad odour which you smell. Unfortunately, these bacteria take quite a while to work – months in some cases – and nobody can tolerate a bad malodour for that length of time. This causes frustrated home owners to resort to chemicals which will of course kill the bacteria, but won’t destroy the milk solids. In time, new bacteria will thrive and the smell will return.

So the cycle goes.

The Sannitree approach to odour removal combines modern technology with ancient natural processes. Instead of killing the friendly bacteria we help them. By giving them an over-supply of enzymes we assist them in breaking organic solids down into bite sized chunks which they can then quickly devour.

The interesting thing about this approach is that the urine smell or other bad odour actually gets worse for a 24 hour period as the microbes embark on a feeding frenzy – but then the odour magically vanishes after the bacteria run out of food. No more food means no more gas, which means no more bad smell.

And the bacteria? Unfortunately, good guys always finish last and it does not end well for them. They literally starve to death and your home is left clean and odour free.

For specialised advice on odour control, contact us on – we have a whole team of microbial specialists at your disposal.

Septic Tank Cleaning & Treatment: Chemical vs Enzymes

What is the buzz with chemicals and septic tanks – are they compatible?

In moderation they are acceptable. After all, you cannot be expected to tolerate bacteria in your toilet bowl and good hygiene is imperative in the home.But watch out for overkill – no need to saturate the toilet bowl with germ killer – so use it sparingly.

And most importantly, NEVER rinse bleach or caustics down your septic system as it will wipe out the entire microbial colony living peacefully inside your tank. Without those friendly microbial’s your effluent will not get broken down, and those killer chemicals will keep your poo in a suspended state of animation. Your tank will fill up too quickly, and before you know it, you will be forking out big bucks to have it pumped.

So what should you do when it comes to septic tank cleaning?

Rather adopt a basic maintenance program whereby you supplement the bacteria which is lost through general cleaning. By flushing Sannitree Bio-Enzymes down your toilet bowl every month you will keep the microbial colony alive and actually speed up the decomposition process that makes your tank tick.

Once those hungry Bio-Enzyme Granules reach the effluent layer inside your tank they begin to salivate and whip out their napkins and cutlery. It is like a buffet for them and they literally feast their way through the poo.

Another way to look at it is to see your septic tank as a mini eco-system. A healthy tank will show signs of life. Expect to see earthworms, small insects and perhaps a hobbit or two making their way through middle earth. Now imagine showering the poor creatures with acid rain in the form of harmful chemicals – this is why we recommend using disinfectants in moderation.

One last thing. If you own a pit toilet it is especially important to keep it biologically active. The knee-jerk reaction to dealing with a bad pit toilet smell is to toss down a bucket of sheep dip. This may kill the smell for about 24 hours, but it will return with a vengeance. Rather give the entire a toilet a good hose down. Add 100 grams of Sannitree Bio-Enzymes with copious water and if you can, give the effluent a stir with an old stick. This will puncture any gas pockets that typically form about a foot below the surface. The entire effluent layer will drop a couple of feet, giving you extra capacity – plus the smell will go away.

For more detailed information, please email us on – we have a whole team of poo specialists at your disposal.

Help, my septic tank is blocked up!

If your septic tank is blocked up, keep reading because we can probably save you quite a bit of cash.

A septic system is easy to understand, and once you identify the cause of the blockage you can implement the correct cure. (Using Sannitree Bio-Enzymes will of course reduce the incidents of blockages, but it helps to keep in the know.)

The good news is that there are only three possible reasons for your system clogging up:

1. It’s a simple paper blockage in the septic tank pipe

Firstly, if you are lucky, the pipe system leading to your tank could have a simple paper blockage. Follow the toilet exit pipe as it makes its way to the tank. Lift the first lid of the tank and have a squizz inside (yes, things could get smelly down there, but think of the plumbing costs you are saving). You should be able to see the top of a T-Piece pipe which carries the effluent (that’s a fancy name for poo) into the first compartment of the tank. Is it overflowing? If yes, get a stick and have a poke around inside the T-Piece. If it is a simple blockage it will loosen the paper up and your system will flow again. Alternatively, give it a jet of water from your hosepipe (and don’t throw the stick over your neighbours wall).

2. The tank is full of effluent

If things have not improved then you need to consider the second possibility: your tank is full of sh*t. On average, a tank will need to be pumped every 6 years – even if it is being treated with Sannitree Bio-Enzymes. The reason is that as the effluent is broken down it forms sludge on the bottom of your tank. This sludge cannot be broken down any further and needs to be mechanically removed by a suction truck. Ouch! This will cost a few bucks, but at least you have saved on calling a plumber out to tell you something you can figure out for yourself. To see whether your septic tank needs a pump-out, simply lift the second manhole and peer inside. If you can see bits of paper and poo, then call the pump-out people – those solids belong in the first compartment only.

3. The soakaway has packed up

If no signs of effluent are visible, then it means that your soakaway has packed up, and it can get expensive. Tell-tale signs of a clogged soakaway are a raised water level in the second compartment. Is the water level higher than the exit level of the outlet pipe? If yes, you have a more serious problem because fats and soaps have probably passed right through your system and coagulated in the walls of the soak-pit, forming a waxy cocoon that prevents effluent runoff from percolating away into the soil. Sorry, but you need to call a plumber for this. [NB! Do you live in an area with a high water table? Is it winter? If yes, smile and remember that the grass is always greener over the septic tank- the water will subside with the rains.]

Remember – Prevention beats cure!

To prevent problems from occurring in the first place, we suggest that you dose 100g of Sannitree Bio-Enzymes into your tank each month. If you have a high volume of people passing through your property (perhaps you own a B & B) –then we suggest that you also add 100g of Free Flo Granules. This will attack any fats and soaps that pass into your soakaway.

Need some specialised advice? Email us now on – remember, your poo is our bread and butter!

Kirstenbosch saves 1000s of litres of water using our Free-flowing Waterless Urinal Valve


Treat 5 to 20 cubes of waste water per day with Sannitree’s DWAF compliant Super Sewer

As drought in South Africa becomes a reality, many small boutique hotels and farms which are off the sewage grid are looking to modular sewage treatment systems capable of re-cycling the grey water that passes through them. The toilet to tap system you can install yourself!

Sannitree® have developed a compact bio-reactor that is electrically efficient and uses a biological operating principle to render the waste stream DWAF compliant. This means that the final effluent is suitable for irrigation as determined in the National Water Act 1998.

This toilet to tap system can treat 5 to 20 cubes of waste per day and due to its modular add-on capacity, the system can be expanded as demand increases.  Because it requires so little space it can be easily hidden.

Unique amongst its competitors, the Super Sewer System allows the customer to install the bio-reactor themselves, if they so wish. The entire fibre-glass tank system can be nested within each other and will easily fit on the back of a small truck. The installation process is not difficult and offers a significant cost saving.

The Super Sewer is a proven system and has been around since 1998. In keeping with their ISO Accreditation, Sannitree® regularly test the quality of waste effluent through independent laboratories.

While Sannitree® do not claim to polish effluent water to clarity good enough to mix with your favourite whiskey, they offer a fantastic waste stream perfect for use in agriculture or landscaping.

If your property is ‘off the sewage grid’ call Sannitree® now, they have the technology to help.

Their driving maxim has always been to judge water on its quality, not its family tree. It may have been down the toilet a few times, into a septic tank and through a Super Sewer, but they guarantee that it is still good for a couple more flushes.

For more information on our Super Sewer call us now on +27 (0)21 701 1266 or visit our website now.

Natural biological solutions to a wide range of aquaculture problems

Protein from fish and seafood is a major constituent of the diet of the world, however due to overfishing, the wild population of fish and other seafood in the lakes, rivers and oceans of the world has declined dramatically, in some cases to less than 2% of their pre-industrial fishing levels. This has lead to a general decline in food availability and a commensurate increase in the price of fish and seafood.

An increasingly popular way to overcome the shortage of seafood is through aquaculture. 

An increasingly popular way to overcome the shortage of seafood is through aquaculture. Aquaculture is the process of cultivating aquatic organisms such as fish, prawns and other seafood in controlled conditions so that their growth can be monitored and they can be harvested at the optimum moment with the minimum of loss. Compared to fishing, this activity allows a selective increase in the production of species used for human consumption and it is thought that in Africa aquaculture now produces some 35% of the total fish production.

Compared to fishing, this activity allows a selective increase in the production of species used for human consumption and it is thought that in Africa aquaculture now produces some 35% of the total fish production.

Millions directly derive their income from the production and processing of fish, Yet the enormous potential to help feed and improve the nutritional status of the world’s rapidly increasing population is under realized and precious aquatic resources are under developed. As a result aquaculture is growing in popularity world wide and is the fastest growing form of food production in the world today and small scale aquaculture is providing a route out of poverty for many impoverished communities.

…the risk of disease outbreaks in fish farmed stock is increased…., which in turn makes them more susceptible to bacterial and viral diseases.

As in any form of intensive farming, the risk of disease outbreaks in fish farmed stock is increased. Intensive animal husbandry increases the stress levels in the animals being farmed, which in turn makes them more susceptible to bacterial and viral diseases. To control these diseases antibiotics have been used on a large scale, however this has given rise to other problems. Antibiotics are expensive and increase the running costs of an aquaculture operation, many pathogens are developing resistance to antibiotics due to overuse and in the Western world there is increasing resistance to the use of antibiotics in farming, farming also leads to decreased water quality in the area surrounding the farming operation, a situation which is particularly problematic in closed circuit systems where the aquaculture cages are not flushed out by naturally occurring currents and tides and instead water is recycled and reused. Dirty water is detrimental to the growth of aquatic organisms, increasing stress levels and increasing the numbers of harmful bacteria and viruses.

in the Western world there is increasing resistance to the use of antibiotics in farming,…

There is a simple solution to many of these problems in aquaculture! Using the latest research, Sannitree® has scientifically formulated environmentally-friendly treatment products which use the latest biotechnology to create natural biological solutions to a wide range of problems which can occur. Sannitree’s eco-friendly products comprise fully biodegradable, non-hazardous components and use safe natural micro-organisms to provide environmentally sensitive solutions to a wide range of sectors including aquaculture, manufacturing, industrial process, and wastewater and effluent treatment.

Sannitree® has scientifically formulated environmentally-friendly treatment products which use the latest biotechnology to create natural biological solutions to a wide range of problems

A way to increase the resistance of fish and other aquatic organisms is to add pre and pro -biotics to their food. Pre and pro-biotics are added to feeds which it has been proved, in over 20 years of research, further improve the gut bacteria of the farmed species and lead to faster growth rates, enhanced immune systems and greater resistance to disease. The research in pre and probiotics has been utilised by Sannitree® to develop products which will increase the productivity and yield of any aquaculture enterprise.

For more information about our products please visit the following pages detailing our products on our website:

Purify tank water
Reduce mortality rates
Improve disease resistance
Keep aquarium water clean
Reduce build up on pond floors

Improve yields: Replace excessive antibiotics and drugs in your animal feeds

Give your meat an advantage over competition with a revolutionary new animal pre-biotic nutrition product for agriculture which ensures that your customers need no longer worry about the excessive use of antibiotics and drugs given to farm animals.

Now it is possible to safely replace antibiotics and drugs in animal feeds with Soltose recently approved E.U. Veterinary preparation {registration 072/VD/13-S}.

Read more about Soltose here.

Currently over 2 tons sold monthly in Asia and now successfully launched in the Europe.

  • Soltose will eliminate salmonella in the gut and faeces of poultry and pigs and avoid contamination of eggs and carcasses.
  • Prevent diarrhoea and diseases caused by salmonella , clostridia and E.coli
  • Promotes growth and lowers feed conversion ratio. 
  • Tests in Japan show that swine fed with feed containing Soltose had better growth than those administered antibiotic containing feed. Soltose contains various enzymes which promote better digestion. The feed conversion ratio was also lower in the Soltose group.
  • Enhance immunity
  • Enhance specific and nonspecific immune response
  • Inhibit pathogen growth and translocation
  • Stimulate gastrointestinal immunity
  • Eliminates clostridia and avoids offensive odours in carcasses.
  • Reduce fecal and urine ammonia and malodours.

Read more about Soltose – a revolutionary pre-biotic nutrition product here.

SA Riding for the Disabled Association

Sannitree is proud to mention that we have been supporting a worthwhile organisation called the SA Riding for the Disabled Association (SARDA).

SARDA provide therapeutic horse-riding for disabled people, and as those who have witnessed a session attest, the experience opens up a whole new world for them! This recreational horse riding adds value in all aspects of their mental, physical and social lives, and only exists as a result of selfless teamwork between the instructors and helpers, who volunteer their time and knowledge. Sannitree volunteered by providing a free sanitation system after the need urgently arose. Below are a few photos of the participants on horses.

Posted in Uncategorized.

New UK Distributor

Sannitree® have appointed a distributor in the UK for their Free Flowing Urinal Valve. are perfectly positioned to market the ground breaking water saving device in the United Kingdom, and have already built a website and written press releases as part of their sales strategy.

Of particular interest is the comparison of the Free Flowing Valve vs conventional water using urinals devices.

If anyone in the UK is wanting more information about the valves, they can contact Tony on 07707 078 898 or mail him on:

Sustainable Living Festival

Our man in the White River region, Erik Howland, will be manning a stall at the popular Pick n Pay Sustainable Living Festival from the 28th – 30th September.

The Festival is held at the GKNP College, Hoedspruit Wildlife Estate.

The festival aims to develop a sense of responsibility for our natural environment and social systems. Nestled between two of South Africa’s most renowned Natural Heritage sites, the Kruger National Park and the Blyde Canyon, the Hoedspruit region is home to a number of communities who realize that they have a more than usual responsibility towards their environment.

This responsibility led to the creation of the Kruger to Canyons (K2C) Biosphere Region (ratified by UNESCO in 2001).

Sannitree is proud to be a part of this, and our products are ideally suited to the vision of sustainable living.

To find out more, visit

Or phone Eric: 082 375 8022

Posted in Uncategorized.

Oxfam Tests Sannitee Bio-Enzymes

“The conclusion is that Sannitree Bio-Enzyme can indeed double the life span of a pit latrine by reducing sludge, and has a large impact on reducing flies and odours” – Oxfam Test Report

Oxfam is an international confederation of 17 organizations networked together in 92 countries as part of a global movement for change. They are famous for assisting in war torn areas and setting up refugee camps around the world, creating a future free from the injustice of poverty.

Oxfam chose to test Sannitree Bio-Enzyme Granules in the pit-latrines of two IDP camps in Kenema, situated in Sierra Leone, West Africa.

Their aim was to see if treating pit latrines with Bio-Enzyme Granules would extend the life of the toilets. As a control measure they left certain toilets untreated.

The results of their experiments proved that latrines treated with Bio-Enzyme Granules had a life span of 4 months before they filled up. This is double that of the untreated latrines, which filled up in 2 months.

In addition, according to the report, “Sannitree® had a great impact on flies and odour nuisance. With one month Sannitree® application, odour and flies considerably decreased.”

Find out more about Sannitree Bio-Enzyme Granules

Request a product data sheet

Posted in Uncategorized.

Clogged up Septic Tank in Pretoria

One newly satisfied Sannitree® customer is Mooiplasie, a self catering establishment in the game reserve of Dinokeng, just north of Pretoria.

The facility is popular amongst families, school and church groups as well as companies for midweek and weekend conferences. Small weddings are also catered for.

All in all, Mooiplasie caters for just over 72 people on a septic tank system, and before they started using Sannitree, they were having overflow problems.

These problems were probably caused by the increased load of people using the system on the weekends.

This is a common occurrence with resorts and even holiday homes: extra people use the septic system and the natural bacteria cannot keep up with the sudden increase in organic waste. The excess waste is not broken down fast enough and a build up occurs, causing the sewage lines to back up, block and overflow.

“Initially we were quite skeptical about the Sannitree Free Flo PillsTM but having administered them according to the instructions, we were amazed that within two months the overflow problem on our main septic tank disappeared completely as well as the unwanted smell and accompanying flies,” said Leon, of Mooiplasie.

“Our general soak away pit area has shown a vast improvement which can only be attributed to the use of Sannitree Free Flow PillsTM. This product can only be recommended.”

Leon is one of many satisfied Sannitree® Customers who have seen our products work for them.

Find out more about Sannitree Free Flo PillsTM

or contact us

Sannitree® for Shrimp Farms in Ecuador

One of Sannitree’s fastest growing lines is a product called Aqua-X, which is used as a biological water cleaner for aqua-culture farms.

Aqua-X is designed to break down dead algae, fish excretes and excess feeds in culture ponds, creating a cleaner environment for shrimp, prawn and fish.

It will also out-compete the growth of undesirable luminescent vibrio bacteria within the pond bottom soil.

Aqua-X has proven especially effective in shrimp farms in Ecuador, which is located along Pacific Coastline on the northwest portion of South America, and once the largest exporter of shrimp to USA.

Says Ecuadorian shrimp expert, Jorge Jalil, “Aqua X has proven to be exceptionally effective, and farmers are extremely satisfied with the results. In a competitive market long dominated by big players, it is refreshing to see innovative new products finding their place”.

Due to the infamous White Spot Syndrome Virus, Ecuadorian shrimp exports have declined from their highest peak in 1998 (114 000 tons) to just over 46 000 tons today.

As bio-technology products improve, so too does the production of shrimp, and Sannitree is at the forefront of developing new solutions to combat aqua-culture disease.

Find out more about Aqua-culture applications

or contact Brian Goodman

South Africa’s Oldest Hotel Chooses Sannitree

HOUW HOEK INN is a gracious old hotel dating back to 1779 and situated in the Kogelberg Reserve, 90km from Cape Town. (

All in all they have 50 rooms, sleeping a total of 120 guests per night, plus wedding facilities for up to 220 guests plus conferencing for 120 guests.

What is significant is that the hotel is in a sensitive biosphere and right off the sewage grid. This means that it needs to have all its effluent waste treated before disposal.

To reach the stringent levels set out by the Department of Water Affairs, Houw Hoek Inn approached Sannitree to provide a turnkey waste disposal system that ticked every box on the Departments check list.

Sannitree have installed a Package Plant (systems vary, but can treat up to 20 cubes of waste water per day) which ‘cleans’ water suitable for irrigation purposes.

In addition, they use Sannitree Bio-Enzyme Granules to treat their septic tanks (which lead into the Package Plant) and Oxygentor in the plant itself.

Find out more about Sannitree Package Plants

Find out more about Bio-enzyme Granules

Redeployable Camp Systems SA (

RCS is pace setting redeployable camp system, offering a turnkey camp operation which can be erected at speed and designed for army bases, refugee camps and even medical facilities.

Their system includes design, operation and maintenance of the camps as per customer specs.

RCS turned to Sannitree for help with their ablution facilities, as most of these camps are set up in areas without direct water supply, and as important, limited means of disposing of effluent safely.

In response, Sannitree recommended their Free Flowing Waterfree Urinal Valve. Besides eliminating the water-in problem, it solved the waste-out problem too, as the amount of effluent waste to be disposed of was massively reduced.

Sannitree has had a long and successful relationship with organisations involved with refugee camps, and has supplied Bio-Enzymes to Oxfam for breaking up effluent waste in pit toilet systems at various camps throughout Africa.

Find out more about Sannitree Bio-Enzyme Granules

Find out more about Redeployable Camp Systems

Find out more about Free Flowing Waterfree Urinal Valves

Toilets On Top Of the World

Table Mountain National Park is one of Cape Town’s busiest tourist attractions, receiving on average 15 000 visitors per day.

This equates to a lot of toilet waste for an area without a sewage system!

What this means is that all their sewage is transported daily, first class, via the famous cable way car so it can be safely disposed of.

But Sannitree have alleviated part of this problem by installing Free Flo Urinal Valves, which eliminates the need for water or flushing.

The overall effect is a huge reduction in sewage waste, a cash saving, and a lowering of the environmental footprint of the visitors, because you don’t need water to transport water.

Plus it cut out odour problems. Ever seen a urinal packed with ice? That’s because they are probably water borne urinals and inclined to block, causing smell problems.

Free Flo Urinal Valves create a dry surface environment, which does not allow bacteria to breed and spread bad odours.

Find out how a Free Flo Urinal Valve can save you money or phone us now on 021 7011266


The Cape Town Science Centre is a wildly popular interactive science centre aimed at the youth market with up to 138 000 visitors per year.

With their move to Observatory, a new addition to the facility is an outdoor area, where visitors can learn how they are harvesting rain to save water… or simply to enjoy a game of Giant Chess!

It is fitting that the Science Centre takes it water saving seriously as they have now installed Free Flo Urinal Valves to all the men’s urinals, as the cash saving is considerable when you factor in that around half of the visitors are male, and on average the saving is 3-5 litres per flush.

Find out more


Freeflow Water-Free Urinal Valve is now available from Builders Warehouse and Builders Express (Western Cape and Gauteng stores), with other regions to follow in the next few months…


The Freeflow valve eliminates the need for water flushing and stops bad odours so common in men’s urinals.

In addition it is retro-fitted into most urinals (task time 3 minutes), and maintenance costs are extremely low.


Our mission at Sannitree® is to care for the world we live in from the products we make to the ways in which we give back to society.

At Sannitree® we strive to set an example for the environmental leadership and responsibility in helping in our small way create a better world through control of organic waste.

Posted in Uncategorized.

Sannitree double action can reduce the population of flies

According to a new study in the American Journal of Public Health, water population resulting from poor sanitation and sub-standard housing conditions is contributing to a high risk of diarrhea diseases in local informal settlements. An analysis of informal settlements in Cape Town found that many individuals do not wash their hands properly, clean their toilets or correctly dispose items soiled with human waste. Research showed that 15% of families in low cost homes placed soiled items in stormed drains, while another 6% disposed of these in the street. Samples of run-off in these regions had strand counts from 750 to 1.6 million per 100 ml of E coli. Overall, 56% of households eliminated their waste water in a way that was “inappropriate”.

The study also showed that improper solid waste disposal was a contributing factor to run-off pollution as well. 22% of households responded that they had dumped their waste on the street. 14% percent of participants reported suffering at least one bout diarrhea within two weeks of the study. Worldwide there are about 0,75 annual cases of diarrhea per person, according to the World Health Organisation. In South Africa, diarrhea disease is the eighth leading cause of death. With that in mind, Sannitree® a company from Cape Town, has a product which can eliminate the population of flies.

Find out more about Buzz Us fly control treatment

Water, not gold, but a priceless commodity we must preserve

To predict that South Africa will run out of drinkable water in a year’s time sounds wonderfully surreal, but it isn’t as far-fetched as it might seem. Southern Africa has already run out of water. In many regions our city planners already have had to put alternative measures in place. Municipalities that have already set about implememting technolgy such as desalination plants or effluent treatement systems should be commended for doing so. Those who still fighting the general assumption that it is too costly for both the consumer and the local authority to implement should stop dawdling and start running through a few worst-case scenarios. Just ask the municipality of the Karoo town such as Beaufort West what it feels like when your local storage dams dries out because of drought. We believe that it is only once more people have experienced first hand what it feels  like to be rationed to the number of times you are to flush your toilet in a week or the quantity of water you can drink, that the message of saving and planning for imminent water shortages will start to sink in. If those in the know were not worrried about our water situation, there would have been no need to form the Stellenbosch University Water Institution to look into issues such as water provision, water management and a sustainable environment. It would have not been neccessary to have established a similar venture, the Water Research Commision. For that matter, there would have not been for Sannitree International to look into issues such as waste water treatment, ownership and ways of conserving water. It a fact that water has an influence on our economic development and growth. It is a fact that South africa, at all levels need to act now to play their part n safe-guarding or precious water. In most South African cities, the biggest water users, wasters and polluters are breweries, hospitals, university campuses and business parks. When planning and building news ones, it should become non-negotiable that more efficient water usage practices form part of the exercise. We need more waterless toilet in our new housing develpoments. We need decentralised water treatement systems in new office parks. We need to recycle our water more. We need to indigenous gardens to flourish. For that matter, Sannitree International has introduced the free flowing waterless urinal valve. The new valve is a breakthrough invention because it not only drastically reduces the use and cost of water but it also far more hygienic that conventioanl systems. It is a completely waterless system, simple retro-fit, air-tightseal and deoderising dome to keep ablution facilities completely odourless and easy to clean. We need to use water sparingly. We need to treat it as a priceless, commodity that it is. If we do not take care of our water now, it will come at too costly price for us. And next year might simply come to soon. 

Moon has more water than previously thought in challenge to view of origin

The moon has more water than scientist once thought, casting doubt on theories of its creation, according a study. Scientists measured seven samples of magma trapped as “melt inclusions.” within crystals, according to a paper in the journal science. Lower quantities of water and volatile compounds on the moon, when compared with the earth and other inner planets of the solar system, have long been taken as evidence the moon formed during a gained impact that have enough energy to create seas of magma, according to the Carnegie Institution’s Erik Hauri, the study’s lead author.

Today’s finding challenges that view, he said. That findings suggest that the impact from a Mars-sized body that formed the moon was either much hotter or much cooler than previously thought. If the moon impact was cooler, then some material including water wasn’t molten and was locked in thee lunar interior. If the was more energy, then the rocks boiled and created a temporary atmosphere, Hauri said. While the atmosphere would have been dense and short-lived, it might have allowed the still-forming earth and moon to exchange water. The presence of water tells us how much potential it has to sustain our life.