According to a new study in the American Journal of Public Health, water population resulting from poor sanitation and sub-standard housing conditions is contributing to a high risk of diarrhea diseases in local informal settlements. An analysis of informal settlements in Cape Town found that many individuals do not wash their hands properly, clean their toilets or correctly dispose items soiled with human waste. Research showed that 15% of families in low cost homes placed soiled items in stormed drains, while another 6% disposed of these in the street. Samples of run-off in these regions had strand counts from 750 to 1.6 million per 100 ml of E coli. Overall, 56% of households eliminated their waste water in a way that was “inappropriate”.
The study also showed that improper solid waste disposal was a contributing factor to run-off pollution as well. 22% of households responded that they had dumped their waste on the street. 14% percent of participants reported suffering at least one bout diarrhea within two weeks of the study. Worldwide there are about 0,75 annual cases of diarrhea per person, according to the World Health Organisation. In South Africa, diarrhea disease is the eighth leading cause of death. With that in mind, Sannitree® a company from Cape Town, has a product which can eliminate the population of flies.